STUDYING THE LINKS BETWEEN ENERGY PRODUCTION AND
STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES AT THE LOCAL SCALE
Currently, energy production in France is largely centralised. Power plants (nuclear and gas, coal or oil-fired) are located far from where the energy is consumed, resulting in massive energy losses. In addition, electricity use is increasing, but the prospects for expanding the centralised generating base remain limited.
SIMULATING DISTRICT ENERGY FLOWS
One of the main objectives of the “Waste Urban Energy” and “Decentralized Energy Production” projects is to develop all the building blocks needed to create a “platform for simulating energy flows at district scale”. This tool will assess short- and medium-term needs and local energy reserves in order to compare different district-scale energy solutions and assist actors in choosing the best investment in technical, economic and environmental terms.
The “Decentralized Energy Production” project is intended to promote decentralised or local energy production – photovoltaic, wind or co-generation – in an urban environment. New co-generation technologies in particular hold out hope of significant developments. Decentralized energy production, coupled with pertinent energy storage solutions, could therefore be installed directly in homes or in collective structures (residential or tertiary buildings, block or district heating systems) as an effective back-up to local and regional electricity grids. The aim is to develop the most powerful synergies, from the standpoint of both producer and end consumer, depending on the local energy context and the scale (building, block, district, city) concerned.
- Software for the sizing of decentralized energy production plant
- Production of a methodology for technical and economic assessment of the various solutions